A new study found that smoking females who suffer from obesity may have a lowered ability to taste fats and sugars. The study was conducted by Julie Mennella, a biopsychologist at the Monell Center in Philadelphia, and his peer M. Yanina Pepino, assistant professor of medicine at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.
The researchers discovered that despite cravings for high-fat or sugary foods, obese females were less likely to perceive such tastes, and therefore were more likely to consume more calories. The results of the study are published in Obesity journal.
In the study participated women aged 21 – 41, among which there were obese and non-obese non-smokers, and obese and non-obese smokers. The women were given different vanilla pudding desserts having different fat content. After tasting them they rated the dessert for its level of sweetness and creaminess.
The researchers discovered that obese women who smoked cigarettes perceived a lower level of creaminess and sweetness, and they felt less pleasure from tasting the puddings.
Pepino says that the aim of the study was to demonstrate a connection between smoking and taste, and not to find the reasons why obese female smokers weren’t able to perceive the fats and sugars like others.
The findings do suggest that obese women who smoke have an ability to taste and like foods, potentially leading them to eat more calories. Obese people consume a lot of high-fat foods.
According to Pepino, their findings showed that the desire to consume more high-fat foods but not perceiving fat and sweetness, may make obese women eat more.
It should be said that obesity and smoking are major risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, and their abuse may lead to serious health problems.
Previously, several researches showed that there is a connection between smoking and weight.