Latest study by Yale University revealed the reason why adult people with college degrees are much less likely to smoke cigarettes than the rest of the population. The study appears in the journal Social Science Research.
A 2009 report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that 25% of adult people with high school degree or less do smoke cigarettes, 11% of people with bachelor degree do smoke, and only 5% of people with college degrees do smoke.
The Yale University study gathered data during 14 years as they wanted to find out the connection between smoking and education. Also they looked for the explanation of obtained results. Astonishingly, it has nothing to do with intelligence or cognition.
Vida Maralani is the author of the study and an assistant professor of sociology at Yale. She says that nowadays people are aware about the effects of smoking, and the results of the study suggest that non-smokers in their early life live in the environments which prevent them from smoking and put them on a path to college. Starting from their childhood they get such characteristics as decision making skills, optimism and self-control which help them in their adult life to take right decisions, make good choices and take care about proper health.
According to Maralani, the next step is to find out which of these attributes prevents an individual from smoking later in life, so those traits can be reinforced in school and in family.